PATHWAYS TO ABSTINENCE: IMPACT OF ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS
-The results of the present study support the effficacy of the fellowship of Alcoholics Anonymous to promote abstinence
-In 1992 Americans with alcohol use disorders who continued to attend AA were more likely to achieve abstinence (64%) than those who dropped out of AA (37%) or those who never attended AA (16%)
-Abstinence recovery status varies as a function of increasing age and level of severity of alcohol
-The findings suggest that a substantial portion of the “AA drop outs” attain sobriety or abstinence after a period of AA membership and maintain their abstinence without AA
- The unmet need for AA referral is concentrated in the younger age groups, 35% in the 18-29 years group and 30% in the 30-39 years age group.
Alcoholics Anonynous (AA) attendance is an important predictor of improved outcomes, such as abstinence, among persons with alcohol use disorders . Severity of alcohol use disorders and age are characteristics associated with AA attendance and dropout rates . Dropout rates, in turn, are associated with relapse and return to high risk drinking.